Founded on Thanksgiving Day in 1835 to help new arrivals to the Indianapolis area with material needs such as food, clothing and shelter, Families First has evolved and changed with the community to best meet the needs of central Indiana families. Today, as central Indiana’s oldest non-profit human services organization, we remain dedicated to preserving and strengthening families through professional, affordable counseling and services.


Formed on Thanksgiving Day by James Blake, Calvin Fletcher, and others, Families First was originally known as the Indianapolis Benevolent Society.  It's mission was "to search out (Indianapolis’s) destitute families and afford them prompt relief." (Indiana Democrat, November 30, 1836, p. 4).  At that time, philanthropy was almost entirely in the form of charity, defined as "food and shelter, dedicated to caring for the destitute and needy."


Indianapolis Benevolent Society added to its mission by beginning to help people find employment … “to assist such as may desire it in procuring employment” in response to a November 30, 1844 Indiana Democrat editorial that stated “(t)he desire to live on other men’s earnings, is the vein from which almost all individual sufferings spring.”


Indianapolis Benevolent Society redefines the “poor” – those “wholly capable of work” as deserving, and the “unworthy who were able-bodied and lazy” as paupers.


Widows’ and Orphans Friends Society was established to help the town’s poorer women. READ MORE ABOUT OUR SHARED HISTORY WITH CHILDREN'S BUREAU!


Widows’ and Orphans’ Asylum was established to provide relief grants for widows and boarding-home care for orphaned children.


Widows’ and Orphans Friends Society formed a joint committee with the Indianapolis Benevolent Society to raise funds to build a new facility to house the ten children the Society cared for. It was built the same year.


During the Civil War, Indianapolis Benevolent Society devoted itself to caring for the wives, mothers and children of the soldiers who were left behind. The organization built the Home for Friendless Women "for the aid and improvement of abandoned women."


After the Civil War, city council appropriated $1,000 for an addition to the Widows’ and Orphans Friends Society children’s home, which increased its capacity to 75 children.


Widows’ and Orphans’ Asylum took over the old Butler University site; Indiana General Assembly changed the institution’s name to the Indianapolis Orphan Asylum.


Indianapolis Benevolent Society president established "a citizens’ association of business men and charitable societies for the purpose of the united effort in dealing with the problems of poor relief," the Charity Organization Society.


Indianapolis Benevolent Society turned its administrative and investigative functions over to the Charity Organization Society, which formed:

  • Society of Friendly Visitors whose members regularly visited families.
  • Dime Savings and Loan organized in 1887 to encourage thrift among the poor.
  • Summer Mission for Sick Children was started in 1889 to send sickly infants and new mothers to summer hospitals on the outskirts of the city.
  • Fairview Settlement was started in 1907 to provide housing for widows and children.
  • Social Service Exchange allowed all Indianapolis charities to share their case records. In 1941 became part of the Council of Social Agencies.
  • Legal Aid Bureau was started in 1912 to provide free legal assistance to the poor. Later became the independent Legal Aid Society.


Indianapolis Benevolent Society and Charity Organization Society maintained separate identities but functioned as two arms of the same organization with the same executive director and board of directors.

  • Charity Organization Society investigates cases to identify those worthy of aid, and refers deserving cases to the appropriate charity.
  • Indianapolis Benevolent Society provided assistance to those people approved by the Charity Organization Society.


Charity Organization Society forms the Children’s Aid Association to provide child rearing advice, locate temporary homes for children with parents unable to support them, and distribute milk and medical care to needy children


Mother’s Aid Society is established to provide free homes for widows with children


Charity Organization Society, Indianapolis Benevolent Society, Children’s Aid Association and Mother’s Aid Society merge into a new organization—the Family Welfare Society, which aims to address problems of the family.


Children’s Bureau is transferred to the Indianapolis Orphans’ Asylum. The Family Welfare Society ceases to be a relief agency, and increasingly emphasizes its counseling services.


Charity Organization Society becomes part of the Indianapolis Council of Social Agencies.


The Family Welfare Society changes its name to Family Service Association of Indianapolis.


Family Service Association of Indianapolis finds their new home at 615 N. Alabama St.   


Hancock County office opens on January 1, 1968, run by a citizen’s group and financed by a Lilly Endowment grant. (It begins to operate full-time in 1980)


Boone County branch opens.


Hamilton County branch office opens.


Morgan County branch office opens.


Family Service Association of Indianapolis changes its name to Family Service Association of Central Indiana.


Family Service Association of Central Indiana becomes Family Service of Central Indiana.


Family Service of Central Indiana becomes Families First.


Mental Health America of Greater Indianapolis is acquired.


Indianapolis office moves after 65 years in the English Foundation Building (615 N. Alabama Street) to 2240 N. Meridian Street on February 28th, 2019.


Families First merges with Children's Bureau, Inc., on April 1, 2021, forming a new organization. A new name and look will be announced later this year'!